Also called the Raising of Incense, Vespers is an introduction and preparation for the Liturgy, consisting of a collection of prayers, praises and Thanksgiving prayers which request the Lord’s blessings upon the sacramental service.
The Praise consists of various canticles directly from the Bible, known in the Coptic Language as a “Hoos”, as well as other praises that vary by day of the week and by church season. As its name suggests, the Midnight Praises typically happen late at night, preceding a Liturgy in the morning, or following the Raising of Incense on the eve of the Liturgical service.
Liturgy of the Eucharist (Divine Liturgy)
Eucharistic service is called the Divine Liturgy. The word “Liturgy” refers to the Christian remembrance and celebration of Jesus Christ’s propitiatory sacrifice of His body and blood. The Liturgy is central to any Christian order of worship. It is comprised of two main parts: the first is the Liturgy of the word which consists of introductory litanies (or prayers) and scripture readings, culminating in a reading from one of the Gospels and a homily (or sermon). The second is the Liturgy of the Faithful in which the Eucharist is offered, consecrated, and received as Holy Communion. In both parts of the service you receive the Word: in the first through the scripture readings and sermon, and in the second through the Body and Blood of Christ.
“And He took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, ‘This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.’ Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, ‘This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you'” (Luke 22:19-20).
The Liturgy was composed by the Apostles as taught to them by Jesus Christ, who after His resurrection appeared to them, “To whom He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs, being seen by them during forty days and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God” (Acts 1:3).